A study performed by the Program to Reduce Incontinence by Diet and Exercise (PRIDE) concluded that a weight loss of between 5 to 10 percent has significant effects in the improvement of urinary incontinence, say medical experts familiar with the findings. In this particular study, a range of weight loss was targeted by the researches based on data which has been shown to be very feasible and effective in improving other disorders such as diabetes and heart problems.
Recruited for this study were 338 women with a minimum age of 30 years and body mass index ranging from 25 to 50 which may be classified as overweight or obese. Having at least 10 urinary episodes in a week was another requirement for the participants.
Two groups made up the study with one having 226 patients assigned in the weight loss group and instructed to follow an 18-month behavioral weight loss program. The remaining patients numbering 112 were considered the control group and were asked to observe a structured educational program for the same duration. Assessments were made every six, 12, and 18 months by a staff that was not told of the group assignment of the subjects.
During the study period, those under the control group were given seven one-hour group education sessions. Providing them with general information about weight reduction, physical activity, and proper eating practices was the purpose of this session.
On the other hand, the weight loss group was asked to follow a program used in the Diabetes Prevention Program which was designed to create an average reduction of 7 to 9 percent of initial body weight. To achieve this, subjects were made to increase physical activity and reduce calorie intake. To be followed by this group was diet limited in calories and fat with a daily goal of 1,200 to 1,800 kcal per day. To be able to walk for 200 minutes per week was the objective for the group as far as physical activity was concerned.
A significant reduction in urinary incontinence episodes was found in subjects who had a reduction in body weight of between five percent to less than 10 percent. A 70 percent reduction in frequency of urinary episodes was found to be likely in these women at six, 12, and 18 months. Of this group also, around 75 percent reported to be moderately or very satisfied with the improvements of their conditions.
The very positive result of this study and that of other similar researches have led many experts to consider weight reduction of at least 5 to 10 percent as a primary form of treatment for overweight women suffering urinary incontinence. Together with other conservative treatments, this may eliminate the need for more drastic steps such as surgeries using vaginal mesh devices. Legal actions such as the vaginal mesh lawsuits have been filed as a result of complications due to these devices. For updates on this matter, you may refer to vaginalmeshlawsuitcenter.us.